TomHughes-e1447879607890MICDE Seminar: Thomas Hughes

Thomas J. R. Hughes earned his Ph.D. in engineering science from the University of California, Berkeley. He is professor of aerospace engineering and engineering mechanics, holder of the Peter O’Donnell, Jr. Chair in Computational and Applied Mathematics, and leader of the ICES Computational Mechanics Group.

He joined UT Austin in 2002. He was previously a faculty member at the University of California, Berkeley, the California Institute of Technology, and Stanford University, where he served as chairman of the Division of Applied Mechanics and chairman of the Department of Mechanical Engineering.

His research interests are in computational mechanics, isogeometric analysis, stabilized and variational multiscale methods, phase-field modeling, cardiovascular bioengineering, complex fluids, and turbulence. Hughes is one of the most widely cited authors in scientific computing. He has received numerous national and international awards for his research.

Isogeometric Analysis: Ten Years After
4:00 p.m., Wed., Dec. 2, 2015
Johnson Rooms, Lurie Engineering Center, 1221 Beal Ave.

This October marked the tenth anniversary of the appearance of the first paper [1] describing my vision of how to address a major problem in Computer Aided Engineering (CAE). The motivation was as follows: Designs are encapsulated in Computer Aided Design (CAD) systems. Simulation is performed in Finite Element Analysis (FEA) programs.  FEA requires the conversions of CAD descriptions to analysis-suitable formats form which finite element meshes can be developed.  The conversion process involves many steps, is tedious and labor intensive, and is the major bottleneck in the engineering design-through-analysis process, accounting for more than 80% of overall analysis time, which remains an enormous impediment to the efficiency of the overall engineering product development cycle.

The approach taken in [1] was given the pithy name Isogeometric Analysis. Since its inception it has become a focus of research within both the fields of FEA and CAD and is rapidly becoming a mainstream analysis methodology and a new paradigm for geometric design [2].  The key concept utilized in the technical approach is the development of a new paradigm for FEA, based on rich geometric descriptions originating in CAD, resulting in a single geometric model that serves as a basis for both design and analysis.

In this talk I will describe areas in which progress has been made in developing improved Computational Mechanics methodologies to efficiently solve vexing problems that have been at the very least difficult, if not impossible, within traditional FEA.  I will also describe current areas of intense activity and areas where problems remain open, representing opportunities for future research [3].

Key Words:  Computational Mechanics, Computer Aided Design, Finite Element Analysis, Computer Aided Engineering

REFERENCES

[1]  T.J.R. Hughes, J.A. Cottrell and Y. Bazilevs, Isogeometric Analysis:  CAD, Finite Elements, NURBS, Exact Geometry and Mesh Refinement, Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 194, (2005) 4135-4195.

[2]  J.A. Cottrell, T.J.R. Hughes and Y. Bazilevs, Isogeometric Analysis: Toward Integration of CAD and FEA, Wiley, Chichester, U.K., 2009.

[3] Isogeometric Analysis Special Issue (eds. T.J.R. Hughes, J.T. Oden and M. Papadrakakis), Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 284, (1 February 2015), 1-1182.