MCB supports research on fundamental properties of living systems at molecular and cellular scales. The program prioritizes understanding complex behavior and emergent properties, encourages interdisciplinary approaches, and uses diverse organisms. Research areas include biomolecules, genetic mechanisms, cellular dynamics, and systems/synthetic biology. MCB promotes integration, evolution studies, and innovative methods. It aims for diversity, societal impact, and addresses challenges like climate change. However, it doesn’t fund disease-related research or animal models for treatment.