The Michigan Institute for Computational Discovery & Engineering (MICDE) seeks proposals for innovative research projects in computational science that combine elements of mathematics, computer science, and cyberinfrastructure. All aspects of computational science remain of broad interest.

Generic big data problems that do not fundamentally advance computational science algorithms are not suitable for MICDE Catalyst Grants.

For the 2022 call, the Principal Investigator of the project must be an (un-tenured) assistant professor, an assistant research professor, an assistant research scientist, or a clinical research professor at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Dearborn or Flint campuses). We do encourage collaborations with more senior faculty. Priority will be given to high-impact projects with potential to seed a bigger effort within the University and eventually attract large-scale external funding. MICDE expects to fund up to 4 one-year projects at up to $50,000 each.

Review Criteria

  1. Is computational science of main relevance to the project?
  2. Is the proposed work sufficiently novel, relative to the field, rather than an incremental extension of existing work?
  3. Is there a plan for specific external funding agencies to be approached as an outcome of the proposed project, and a justification for why those agencies may find the work compelling?
  4. Have the ideas being proposed demonstrated a likelihood of success?
  5. Is this an area that may attract other researchers in U-M and grow into a larger, interdisciplinary effort?

Budget and Justification

A maximum of $50,000 may be requested. Graduate student/post-doc/consultant salaries, travel, and cost for accessing high performance computing resources are allowable expenses. We expect that at least 80% of the funds should support post-doctoral fellows and/or graduate students. Projects must include a detailed work plan for all involved personnel. Indirect costs will not be levied on the funds and no cost sharing is required.

Who may apply

PIs/co-PIs should be (un-tenured) assistant professors, assistant research scientists, assistant or clinical assistant research professors at the University of Michigan (Ann Arbor, Dearborn or Flint campuses). Collaborative projects, especially those that show potential to seed center-level external proposals, are encouraged.

How to apply

Letter of Intent:

To submit a letter of intent, please visit MICDE’s RFPs portal. If you have problems logging into the portal, please see this post.

No supporting document/file is needed.  The letter will be created with the information you provide. The information that you will need to input is:

  • Proposed Title, Principal Investigator name and email. 
  • A brief summary.
  • Collaborators’ names and titles (e.g. postdoctoral fellow, associate professor), and affiliation.
  • 2-3 keywords to help us reach out to reviewers.
  • 2-3 suggested expert reviewers from U-M (full name and umich email address). They don’t need to be arms-length, but should not have any relation to the project. We want their opinion on the current state of the project’s research area.

LOI submission DEADLINE: Mon., May 2, 2022 at 11:59 pm E.T.


Content (a single PDF file):

  • 6 pages with project description, plans for follow up funding and work plan for all personnel.
  • References (no page limit).
  • 2-page NSF or NIH-style CV for PI and co-PIs.
  • Current and pending funding for PI and co-PIs.
  • A detailed budget and budget justification (we will provide a template).

Proposals submission DEADLINE: Wed., May 18, 2022 at 11:59 pm E.T. (note the 2-day extension)

Q1: Should the proposal include mathematics, computer science, and/or cyberinfrastructure collaborators?

A1: Such collaborations are by no means required, but encouraged. Cyberinfrastructure collaborations could come by engaging closely with ARC or CSCAR.

Q2: Must projects have new developments in computational methods, or are innovative applications of existing computational methods also acceptable?

A2: Innovative applications of existing computational methods are also sought.

Q3: Can a proposal have a single PI?

A3: Yes.

Q4: Should PIs/co-PIs be MICDE affiliated faculty?

A4: No, affiliation to MICDE is not required.

Q5: If my project is chosen, is there a deadline for the start of the project?

A5: All projects should start by September 1 to give PIs a chance to recruit students/post-docs, but it may start as soon as it is awarded.

Q6: Does the $50,000 have to be used up in 1 year, or could it be extended?

A6: Extensions will be considered but PIs are strongly encouraged to have a plan to use all the money in 1 year.

Q7: Can any funds be used for lab analyses or equipment?

A7: Data-analyses are ok, but at this time in-house experiments or experimental equipment cannot be funded through this grant.

Q8: Does MICDE want software to be an output of the project?

A8: No, software is not expected as an output of the project, but it could be a component of the project.

Q9: What are the deliverables?

A9: We will require an update on products related to the grant (e.g. papers, external funding, etc.) We also ask a PI or co-PI to present at the MICDE Annual Symposium or Catalyst Grants showcase events.

Q10: Can there be external collaborators?

A10: Yes, but all the money should be spent at U-M.

Q11:  Should the project aim for one specific call for an external agency or foundation, or can it target several funding opportunities?

A11: It doesn’t have to aim for a specific call, the project can target more than one.

Q12: What Great Lakes rate will be charged for these projects?

A12: The negotiated rate for the PI/co-PI School or College.

Q13: Can a PI/co-PI participate in two pre-proposals?

A13: A researcher may be the Principal Investigator in only one proposal. There is no restriction for the number of proposals a researcher may participate as a co-PI.

MICDE Catalyst Grants Showcase

Watch presentations about some of the game-changing research supported by the Catalyst Grants program. Click on each image to open the YouTube link in a new tab. Speakers include: Robert Krasny (Mathematics),  Monica Valluri (Astronomy), Vikram Gavini (Mechanical Engineering), Stephen Smith (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology), Xun Huan (Mechanical Engineering), and Yulin Pan (Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering).

2021 Funded Projects

MICDE Catalyst Grants continue to forge new fronts in computational science

Five broad and high impact computational science projects have been awarded a 2021 MICDE Catalyst Grant funding. “The 2021-22 cohort of MICDE  Catalyst Grants range from quantum computing for engineering science, AI for the physics of cancer, and computational advances in hazards engineering, through mathematical advances in data science, and bioengineering. These projects represent new frontiers of computational research spearheaded by the Institute through its initiatives”, said MICDE Director Krishna Garikipati, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, and Professor of Mathematics, LSA.

Scalable Inference of Spatially-varying Graphical Models with Applications in Genomics

Researchers: Salar Fattahi (U-M, Industrial and Operations Engineering), Arvind Rao (U-M, Computational Medicine & Bioinformatics, Radiation Oncology)

Description: Contemporary systems are comprised of massive numbers of interconnected components that interact according to a hierarchy of complex, dynamic, and unknown topologies. The unknown and varying nature of these systems necessitates the development of efficient inference methods for these STGM. A popular approach to achieve this goal is based on the so-called maximum-likelihood estimation (MLE), however, these theoretically powerful MLE-based methods suffer from fundamental drawbacks rendering them impractical in realistic settings.

With the goal of bridging this knowledge gap, this project aims to revisit the standard MLE as the “Holy Grail” of the inference methods for graphical models, and precisely pinpoint and remedy the scenarios where it breaks down. If successful, this project will be the first systematic inference framework that can achieve the best of both worlds, computational efficiency and favorable statistical performance, in a unified fashion.

Spatially-informed clusters from spatial transcriptomics data of human GBM tis-
sue sample.

Cancer Cells: Greedy Individuals or Team Players?

Researchers: Gary Luker (U-M, Radiology, Microbiology and Immunology, Biomedical Engineering), Nikola Banovic (U-M, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science), Xun Huan (U-M, Mechanical Engineeering), Jennifer Linderman (U-M, Biomedical Engineering, Chemical Engineering), Kathryn Luker (U-M, Radiology)

Description: The immediate goal of this project is to develop a physics/chemistry-aware inverse reinforcement learning (IRL) computational framework to discover how heterogeneous cancer cells function singly or collectively to drive cancer progression. The long-term goal of this research centers on understanding single-cell and cooperative decision-making that drive tumor growth, metastasis, and recurrence. The proposed work is computational science in nature, developing new and scalable artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms that leverage cell imaging data to extract knowledge on cancer cell behavior and predict interventions.

Examples of quantitative imaging data for computational modeling of cancer cell heterogeneity and teamwork.

“These projects represent new frontiers of computational research spearheaded by the Institute through its initiatives

Krishna Garikipati
Director, MICDE

Fast Linear Algebra in the Noisy Intermediate-scale Quantum Era

Researcher: Shravan Veerapaneni (U-M, Mathematics)

Description: Recent impressive progress in quantum technology, particularly in programmable quantum computers, has invigorated a renewed interest in quantum algorithm research. This project aims to develop quantum and quantum-inspired solvers for linear systems appearing in scientific computing (such as discretized partial differential equations). The primary mode of solution is using Rayleigh quotient reformulation and applying variational quantum Monte Carlo (VQMC). In addition to providing a toolkit for performing high-dimensional linear algebra, which is of intrinsic interest, the proposed solver provides a quantum-inspired classical benchmark for assessing the quantum computational advantage of the recently developed variational quantum linear solver.

Computational Modeling of Household Level Damage and Resilience Based on Location Data

Researchers: Seth Guikema (U-M, Industrial & Operations Engineering, Civil & Environmental Engineering), Jeremy Bricker (U-M, Civil & Environmental Engineering)

Description: A critical aspect of community resilience to disasters that has not been addressed by traditional coarse-scale resilience engineering is within-community inequities in resilience – who is resilient to what? 

The goal of this project is to develop an integrated approach for assessing household-level resilience and inequities in resilience during coastal flooding events, specifically by improving building-level flood and fragility estimates for coastal flooding events, and developing a new approach for estimating what essential services are the main constraints on individuals returning to a more normal life post-hazard and assess inequities in resilience to coastal flooding events. 

Maximum water depth as a function of model resolution for a hypothetical flood in the Netherlands, from Brusseeet al. (2021).

Next Generation Computational Tools for Particle-laden Biological Flows in Subject-specific Geometries

Researchers: Jesse Capecelatro (U-M, Mechanical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering), Alberto Figueroa (U-M, Biomedical Engineering, Vascular Surgery)

Description: Fluid mechanics plays a crucial role in many physiological processes on health and disease. Given recent advances in medical imaging, computational power, and mathematical algorithms, real-time patient-specific computational fluid dynamics is now becoming possible. Yet, many problems involve complex interactions between fluid and biological particles in which existing models are either too expensive to simulate at full scale or unable to properly capture important hydrodynamics taking place at the smallest scales. This project will develop a versatile and massively parallel framework to bridge this gap. The numerical framework will be designed to simulate a large number of particles within the human body. This will help better understand cardiovascular diseases, from stroke, to rigid calcite particles in the ear canal responsible for vertigo.

Example of an image-based geometric model of a human aorta, discretized using an unstructured linear tetrahedral mesh.

2020 Funded Projects

Four U-M Projects Aim to Advance Computational Discovery

Research teams from across the University of Michigan will share $240,000 in awards to explore projects ranging from drug discovery and galactic formation to bacterial colonies and turbulence. “These four projects have the potential to catalyze and reorient the directions of their research fields by developing and harnessing powerful paradigms of computational science,” said MICDE Director Krishna Garikipati, professor of mechanical engineering, College of Engineering, and professor of mathematics, LSA.

Read more in the University Record.

Accelerated Computation of Resolvent Modes for High-Dimensional Dynamical Systems

Researchers: Aaron Towne (Mechanical Engineering)

Description: Turbulence, the disorganized motion of a fluid (often associated with a bumpy ride on an airplane), is ubiquitous in science and engineering, impacting everything from the flight of a golf ball, to fuel efficiency and noise of an engine, to the formation of stars.  One important tool for studying and modeling turbulent flows is a mathematical framework called resolvent analysis, which identifies energy amplification mechanisms key to generating and sustaining turbulence.  Unfortunately, resolvent analysis requires significant computational resources when applied to realistic engineering systems.  The goal of this project is to develop a new algorithm that reduce the cost of resolvent analysis of large systems by several orders of magnitude.  This capability could lead to a better theoretical understanding of turbulence and improved design of engineering systems involving turbulent flow. Read more.

Top: Pressure (grayscale) and vorticity (colors) in a turbulent jet. Bottom: Resolvent analysis provides an excellent model of the dominant structures within the pressure field. Reducing the cost of computing these models could lead to quieter airplanes in the future, among other engineering objectives.

Uncovering the Origins of the Local Group of Galaxies with Tailored Initial Conditions

Researcher: Oleg Gnedin (Astronomy)

Description: This project aims to uncover the origin of the local group of galaxies by developing a novel technique for custom tailoring initial conditions to simulate a specific chosen region of the universe. The computational challenges of this technique are to enforce the continuity of physical variables and consistency of simulated outcomes, and to improve computational performance of galaxy formation codes. This technique could benefit all galaxy formation codes used by different groups around the world. Read more.

Exploring Spatiotemporal Biofilm Development Through the Computational Looking Glass 

Researchers: Alexander Rickard (Epidemiology), Marisa Eisenberg (Epidemiology, Complex Systems, Mathematics)

Description: Biofilms are architecturally complex assemblages of microbial cells that form on surfaces that are on and within our bodies and exist on almost every natural and man-made surface. Differences in biofilm architecture will alter how constituent cells dynamically interact with each other and how they interact with their environment. This project will focus on the computational analysis of time-lapse collected image stacks (i.e. optical sections) of single-species biofilms to study their architectural development. Read more.


Preliminary data showing that biofilms form complex architectures over time.

Leveraging Generative Artificial Intelligence for the De Novo Design of Biomolecular Probes

Researcher: Aaron Frank (Chemistry)

Description: Structure-based drug discovery involves exploring chemical space in search of novel compounds that are likely to bind to and modulate the activity of a biomolecular drug target. There is an urgent need for efficient strategies for exploring chemical space, conditioned by the target’s unique biophysical properties. In this project, researchers will use a structure-aware approach that combines generative artificial intelligence models and molecular docking to rapidly explore chemical space and generate target-specific virtual libraries. Such target-specific virtual libraries will likely contain compounds that medicinal chemists can use as starting points for developing novel drug candidates.

The project’s “sample-and-dock” approach to generate target-specific screening library for drug targets.

2019 Funded Projects

Determining the 3D shape of Milky Way’s Dark Matter Halo

Researchers: Monica Valluri (Astronomy), August Evrard (Physics), Kohei Hattori (Astronomy), Eugene Vasiliev (University of Cambridge), Pablo Fernández de Salas (University of Stockholm), and Katherine Freese (UT Texas and University of Stockholm)

Description: The objectives of this project are to use data from the European Space Agency’s Gaia satellite to determine the shape of the Milky Way’s dark matter halo and how it this shape changes with distance from the center. The background image shows Gaia’s multi-color map of the Milky Way and two nearby satellite galaxies, the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds (bottom right).  This image is not a photograph but a map comprised of billions of individual stars in the Milky Way and its neighborhood. For this project the team will use data obtained by Gaia that gives positions and velocities for stars in the Milky Way’s halo along with the new computational modeling tools they are developing. They will use the fact that most halo stars travel through the halo on regular trajectories (like the one pictured by the blue curve) to compute conserved quantities (“actions”) for each of hundreds of thousands of stars. Modeling the motions of halo stars will allow the team to set constrains on the density profile and the shape of the Milky Way’s dark matter halo. By comparing their derived dark matter distribution with results from simulations they hope to shed light on the nature of the elusive dark matter particle.

The background image is a multi-color image of the Milky Way disk, its halo and nearby satellite galaxies obtained with the European Space Agency’s Gaia Satellite ( . The blue curve shows an example of (half) of a regular trajectory that a star in the halo of the Milky Way might follow

Enabling Tractable Uncertainty Quantification for  High-Dimensional Predictive AI Systems in Computational Medicine

Researchers: Xun Huan (Mechanical Engineering), and Arvind Rao (Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics and Radiation Oncology )

Description:  Artificial intelligence (AI) systems are powerful tools in healthcare and medicine. However, it is crucial to understand how much one can trust the AI analyses and predictions, especially when adopting them for decision-making where inappropriate choices may result in dire consequences.  In this project, we start by developing the computational and algorithmic foundations for performing uncertainty quantification (UQ) in machine learning (ML) models. We tackle this by creating new computational methods and leveraging high-performance computing, to capture and construct uncertainty distributions for high dimensional deep neural networks (of tens of millions of weight parameters). We focus on medical AI models used for detecting IDH (isocitrate dehydrogenase) gene mutation from MRI (magnetic resonance imagine) brain tumor images. The resulting product will be ML models that produce not only a single output, but a spread of predictions which also reflects its predictive quality and uncertainty.

The DNN model takes in MRI image and predicts the probability of IDH gene mutation. e.g. while predicted probability is 80%, the uncertainty surrounding this estimate is typically never reported.

Real-Time Phase-Resolved Ocean Wave Forecast with Data Assimilation Enabled by GPU-accelerated Computation

Researcher: Yulin Pan (Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering)

Description: The purpose of this project is to develop a new computational framework for the onboard real-time forecast of phase-resolved ocean wave field with data assimilation capability. The prediction and assimilation algorithms will be accelerated on a CPU-GPU hardware architecture for real-time applications. Integrated with the remote wave sensing technology, this work will lead to enhanced safety, efficiency and autonomy in marine operations.

Envisaged application in autonomous path planning.

Long time-scale simulations using exponential time-propagators 

Researchers: Vikram Gavini (Mechanical Engineering)

Description:  This effort is aimed at developing scalable and efficient algorithms for long-time scale simulations of dynamical phenomena in materials. The approaches to be developed are expected to enhance our ability to study a wide range of time-dependent phenomena from electron dynamics to elastic response of materials.

Algorithmic solutions to manage power consumption on exascale systems

Researchers: Eric Johnsen (Mechanical Engineering), Henry Hoffman (University of Chicago), and Jeffrey Hittinger (Lawrence Livermore National Lab)

Description: Our objective is to develop a quantitative strategy for power management at the exascale, given a desired solution accuracy. For this purpose, our approach integrates high-order methods development with mixed-precision computing, lossy data compression, and applications monitoring power consumption.

Convergence rate of Recovery DG vs. BR2 (the current gold standard) for linear diffusion on a Cartesian mesh. For the same p=2, Recovery achieves 8th order for Recovery, while BR2 is 3rd order.

Simulation-based discovery of robust algorithms for targeting of infectious disease screening and intervention

Researcher: Jon Zelner (Epidemiology), and Seth Guikema (Industrial and Operations Engineering and Civil and Environmental Engineering)

Description: In settings with a high burden of infectious diseases, such as Tuberculosis (TB), there is a growing need for tools that can help public health professionals find and treat cases more quickly and effectively. In this project, we will be continuing development of a spatiotemporal simulation model of coupled household and community TB in a high-incidence setting. In our initial work on this project, we have used this model to compare different intervention scenarios that take advantage of information on the spatial location and contact networks of TB cases to target interventions. In the next phase of this project, we plan to use this simulation platform as a tool for developing adaptive interventions that can respond to changing epidemiological conditions, i.e. a sharp rise in incidence indicative of an outbreak, and modify screening and intervention strategies to deal with the types of heterogeneity that makes tackling real-world infectious disease problems highly challenging.

Spatial hotspot of strongly elevated multi-drug resistant (MDR-TB) incidence in Lima, Peru illustrated in red. (Figure from Zelner et. al., JID 2016 [2])

Related Publications

J. Havumaki ,T. Cohen, C. Zhai, J. C. Miller,S. D. Guikema, M. C. Eisenberg, J. Zelner. “Protective impacts of household-based tuberculosis contact tracing are robust across endemic incidence levels and community contact patterns.” PLoS computational biology vol. 17, 2 e1008713. 8 Feb. 2021, doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008713

Nina B. MastersMarisa C. EisenbergPaul L. DelamaterMatthew KayMatthew L. BoultonJon Zelner. Fine-scale spatial clustering of measles nonvaccination that increases outbreak potential is obscured by aggregated reporting data.”

Hierarchical computing for dynamic evolutionary inference of complexity

Researchers: Stephen Smith (Ecology and Evolutionary Biology)

Description:  We propose to develop new tools grounded in emerging techniques for accommodating heterogeneity in genomic and trait datasets to enable statistical comparison of the formation and evolution of modules across many taxa that efficiently handle multivariate datasets consisting of multiple sources including morphology, genomes, biochemical data, and gene expression. These new methods will identify common patterns of evolutionary rate and mode across multiple genes and traits, allow for lineage specific heterogeneity, scale to the large dimensions common in modern datasets, and break the false dichotomy of genes vs traits. Given the size of the datasets, and the necessity to explore model complexity, these methods will require significant computation and a hierarchical computational approach: distributed computing for independent analyses (e.g., individual genes), multi-core parallel computing of individual analyses where likelihoods are calculated in parallel on shared memory resources, and GPU computing for more extensive model explorations that require extensive matrix calculations. The methodological developments will be implemented in, gophy, a package developed by the participants of the proposal.

2018 Funded Projects

Exploring Quantum Embedding Methods for Quantum Computing

Researchers: Emanuel Gull, Physics; Dominika Zgid, Chemistry

Description:  The research team will design quantum embedding algorithms that can be early adopters of quantum computers on development of advanced materials for possible applications in modern batteries, next-generation oxide electronics, or high-temperature superconducting power cables.

Teaching Autonomous Soft Machines to Swim

Researchers:  Silas Alben, Mathematics; Robert Deegan, Physics, Alex Gorodetsky, Aerospace Engineering
Description:  Self-oscillating gels are polymeric materials that change shape, driven by chemical reactions occurring entirely within the gel. The research team will develop a computational and machine learning program to discover how to configure self-oscillating gels so that they undergo deformations that result in swimming. The long term goal is to develop a general framework for controlling autonomous soft machines.

Caption: Chemical waves and elastic deformations in thin gel sheets.
(a & b) Target and spiral waves in the BZ (Belousov-Zhabotinsky) chemical reaction.
(c) Numerical simulations of the BZ reaction. (d) Resulting reference metrics and shapes for the gel sheet.(e) Experimental images of oscillating gels.

Urban Flood Modeling at “Human Action” Scale: Harnessing the Power of Reduced-Order Approaches and Uncertainty Quantification

Researchers:  Valeriy Ivanov, Civil and Environmental Engineering; Nick Katopodes, Civil and Environmental Engineering; Khachik Sargsyan, Sandia National Labs

Description:  The research team will enhance urban flood monitoring and prediction using NASA Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System (CYGNSS) data, taking advantage of state-of-the-science uncertainty quantification tools in a proof-of-concept urban flooding problem of high complexity.

The problem of flood prediction incurs multiple uncertainties (a) and is of high computational complexity (b). New remote sensing data from the CYGNSS mission (c) can inform complex physically-based simulations (d) but in order to achieve feasibility of real-time solutions and uncertainty quantification, novel approaches are required. This project will develop reduced-order modeling tools (e) as innovative, parsimonious representation of rigorous hydrologic and hydrodynamic model formulations to efficiently obtain probability density distributions of one or many quantities of interest (f).

Deciphering the meaning of human brain rhythms using novel algorithms and massive, rare datasets

Researcher: Omar Ahmed, Psychology, Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering

Description: The team will develop a set of algorithms for use on high performance computers to analyze de-identified brain data from patients in order to better understand what electrical oscillations tell us about rapidly changing behavioral and pathological brain states.

Polar plots showing the rhythmic phases of spikes fired by human neurons, revealing systematic variations across space and time.

Advancing the Computational Frontiers of Solution-Adaptive, Scale-Aware Climate Models

Researchers:  Christiane Jablonowski, Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering; Hans Johansen, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

Description:  Researchers will further develop a 3-D mesh adaptation model for climate modeling, allowing computational resources to be focused on phenomena of interest such as tropical cyclones or other extreme weather events. The project will also introduce data-driven machine learning paradigms into modeling of clouds and precipitation.

Structure of a block-structured adaptive grid that overlays a so-called ‘cubed-sphere’ base grid. The atmospheric vortices (in color) resemble idealized tropical cyclones that are captured by the refined grid patches. The adaptations are guided by the location and strength of the rotational motion.

Embedded Machine Learning Systems To Sense and Understand Pollinator Behavior

Researchers: Robert Dick, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; Fernanda Valdovinos Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Center for Complex Systems; Paul Glaum, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Description: To understand the mechanisms driving the population dynamics of pollinators, the research team will develop technologies for deeply embedded hardware/software learning systems capable of remote, long term, autonomous operation; and will analyze the resulting new data to better understand pollinator activity.

Embedded sensing and machine learning to distinguish pollinators (Bombus impatiens pictured) from other sound sources in natural environments.

Deep Learning for Phylogenetic Inference

Researcher: Jianzhi Zhang, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology; Yuanfang Guan, Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics

Description: The research team will use deep neural networks to infer molecular phylogenies and extract phylogenetically useful patterns from amino acid or nucleotide sequences, which will help understand evolutionary mechanisms and build evolutionary models for a variety of analyses.

Molecular sequence data are input into layers of neural network structures to produce a score for each possible tree topology describing how well the tree fits the data.

2017 Funded Projects

From Spiking Patterns to Memory formation — Tools for Analysis and Modeling of Network-wide Cognitive Dynamics of the Brain

Researchers: Sara Aton, Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology and Michal Zochowski, Department of Physics, Biophysics Program

Description: The aim of the research is to develop models as well as analysis tools to understand network-wide spatio-temporal patterning underlying experimentally observed neural spiking activity. The research team has developed novel tools to analyze dynamics of neuronal representations across time, before during and after learning. These tools, for the first time, compare the stability of network dynamics before and after memory encoding.

Integral Equation Based Methods for Scientific Computing

Researcher: Robert Krasny, Department of Mathematics

Description: This project expands the application of numerical methods in which the differential equation is first converted into an integral equation by convolution with the Green’s function, followed by discretization and linear solution. Recent advances in numerical analysis and computing resources make this expansion possible, and the research team believes that integral equation-based numerical methods are superior to traditional methods in both serial and parallel computations. The project will attempt to apply these numerical methods to studies of viscous fluid flow, protein/solvent electrostatics, and electronic structure.

Computational Energy Systems

Researchers: Pascal Van Hentenryck, Industrial and Operations Engineering (IOE); E. Byon, IOE; R. Jiang, IOE; J. Lee, IOE; and J. Mathieu, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Description: The research team aims to develop new algorithms for the U.S. electrical power grid that integrate renewable energy sources, electrification of transportation systems, the increasing frequency of extreme weather events, and other emerging contingencies.

Black Swans, Dragon Kings, and the Science of Rare Events: Problems for the Exascale Era and Beyond

Researchers: Venkat Raman, Aerospace Engineering; Jacqueline Chen, Sandia National Laboratory; and Ramanan Sankaran, Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Description: The purpose of the project is to develop the computational frameworks for exploring the tails of distributions, which lead to rare but consequential (and often catastrophic) outcomes. Two such rare events are “Black Swans” (occurring from pre-existing but unencountered events) and “Dragon Kings (occurring due to an external shock to the system). The methods developed are expected to have application in aerospace sciences, power generation and utilization, chemical processing, weather prediction, computational chemistry, and other fields.