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MICDE Seminar: Edward Maginn, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Notre Dame
November 21, 2017 @ 1:30 pm - 2:30 pm
NCRC Building 10 Research Auditorium
Bio: Edward Maginn received his BS in chemical engineering from Iowa State University and his PhD in chemical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley. Prior to attending graduate school, he worked as a process engineer for Procter and Gamble. He has been on the Notre Dame faculty since 1995 and currently holds the Dorini Family Chair of Energy Studies in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering. He is also the chair of the department, and was formerly the Associate Dean for Academic Programs in the Graduate School. He has won a number of awards, including the Early Career Award from the Computational Molecular Science and Engineering Forum of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the ASEE Dow Outstanding New Faculty Award, the BP College of Engineering Outstanding Teacher Award and the NSF Career award. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and is a trustee of the CACHE Corporation. His research focuses on the development and use of atomistic molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo simulation methods to study the thermodynamic and transport properties of materials, with special emphasis on ionic systems important in energy storage and use.
Using Molecular Modeling to Design New Fluids for Energy Storage and Carbon Capture
Liquids that contain charged species, such as electrolytes and ionic liquids, have many important technological applications in fields such as energy storage, separations, and catalysis. By changing the structure of the molecules or employing mixtures, the properties of these fluids can be altered significantly. The key questions are: How should I change the structure of the molecule or ion to get the properties I want? What type of additives should I use to improve performance? To answer these and related questions, we use atomistic-level simulations to compute structural, thermodynamic and transport properties of these systems. We are able to provide molecular-level explanations for experimental observations, and we can predict properties of systems that may not yet have even been made in the laboratory.
In the first part of this talk, I will describe molecular modeling research directed at improving the performance of electrolytes used in next generation “beyond lithium” batteries. Electrolytes are a critical component of batteries, since they transport ions from the cathode to the anode during charging, then in the reverse direction in releasing energy on discharge. Electrolytes play a leading role in a battery’s capacity for energy storage, its lifetime and the safety of the battery. The electrolyte in a conventional lithium-ion battery consists of a lithium salt dissolved in an organic solvent. The electrolytes for next generation “beyond lithium” batteries will require new salt-solvent combinations. Our simulations probe the way in which different electrolyte formulations, charge carriers and additives impact the structure and dynamics of these liquids.
In the second half of the talk, I will show how these same kinds of simulations can be used to develop new ionic liquids that can be used for CO2 separations / capture. Ionic liquids are pure salts that are liquid at ambient temperatures. Because they have essentially no vapor pressure and readily dissolve CO2, people have been interested in using them for carbon capture. I will describe how our simulations have been successful in identifying new ionic liquids with properties tuned for use as conventional liquid absorbents or as supported ionic liquid membranes.
This is a joint seminar with the department of Chemical Engineering. Prof. Maginn is being hosted by Prof. Mayes (Chemical Engineering). If you are interested in meeting him during his visit please send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org