MICDE Seminar: Emma Lejeune, Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering, Boston University
February 16 @ 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Bio: Emma Lejeune is an Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at Boston University. She received her PhD from Stanford University in September 2018, and was a Peter O’Donnell, Jr. postdoctoral research fellow at the Oden Institute at the University of Texas at Austin until 2020 when she joined the faculty at BU. At BU, Emma has received the David R. Dalton Career Development Professorship, a Computational Science and Engineering Junior Faculty Fellowship, and the Haythornthwaite Research Initiation Grant from the ASME Applied Mechanics Division. Current areas of research involve integrating data-driven and physics based computational models, and characterizing and predicting the mechanical behavior of heterogeneous materials and biological systems.
MODELING HETEROGENEOUS MATERIALS: BENCHMARK DATASETS, METAMODELS, AND EXPERIMENTAL CHARACTERIZATION:
Biological systems are spatially heterogeneous across scales. To effectively model biological materials we need new tools to quantify and capture this heterogeneity. In this talk, we will first discuss our recent work on simulating spatially heterogeneous materials. Specifically, we will discuss our recent work in developing and exploring benchmark datasets of spatially heterogeneous materials simulated with the finite element method. These datasets are useful primarily for constructing metamodels, or computationally cheap models of models, that map defined model inputs to defined model outputs. By nature, a given metamodel will be tailored to a specific dataset. However, the most pragmatic metamodel type and structure will often be general to larger classes of problems. At present, the most pragmatic metamodel selection for predicting the mechanical behavior of spatially heterogeneous materials — specifically simulations of heterogenous materials — has not been thoroughly explored. Drawing inspiration from the benchmark datasets available to the computer vision research community, we introduce a benchmark data set (Mechanical MNIST https://open.bu.edu/handle/2144/39371) for constructing metamodels of heterogeneous material undergoing large deformation. We then show a few examples of problems that we have explored thus far with this dataset. Looking forward, we anticipate that disseminating benchmark datasets will enable the broader community of researchers to develop improved metamodeling techniques for capturing the behavior of spatially heterogeneous materials that will surpass the baseline performance that we show here. Finally, to conclude the talk, we will change gears and briefly discuss some of our recent work on creating new tools for characterizing cell behavior using concepts from kinematics and spatial statistics. Looking forward, we are interested in the natural synergy between advances in methods for both simulating and characterizing heterogeneous materials.
The MICDE Winter 2021 Seminar Series is open to all. University of Michigan faculty and students interested in computational and data sciences are encouraged to attend.
Dr. Lejeune will be hosted by Professor Krishna Garikipati, MICDE Director.
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