MICDE Seminar: Santo Fortunato, Director of the Indiana University Network Science Institute (IUNI), Professor, School of Informatics, Computing, and Engineering (SICE), Indiana University at Bloomington
March 1 @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm
About Dr. Fortunato: Santo Fortunato is the Director of the Indiana University Network Science Institute (IUNI) and a faculty at Luddy School of Informatics, Computing and Engineering. Previously he was professor of complex systems at the Department of Computer Science of Aalto University, Finland. Prof. Fortunato got his PhD in Theoretical Particle Physics at the University of Bielefeld In Germany. He then moved to the field of complex systems, via a postdoctoral appointment at Luddy School of Informatics, Computing and Engineering of Indiana University. His current focus areas are network science, especially community detection in graphs, computational social science, science of science, climate change. His research has been published in leading journals, including Nature, Science, PNAS, Physical Review Letters, Reviews of Modern Physics, Physics Reports and has collected over 33,000 citations (Google Scholar). His review article Community detection in graphs (Physics Reports 486, 75-174, 2010) is one of the best known and most cited papers in network science. He received the Young Scientist Award for Socio- and Econophysics 2011, a prize given by the German Physical Society, for his outstanding contributions to the physics of social systems. He is the Founding Chair of the International Conference on Computational Social Science (IC2S2) and Chair of Networks 2021, the first merger of the NetSci and the Sunbelt conferences, possibly the largest ever event in network science.
COMMUNITY DETECTION IN NETWORKS: Complex systems typically display a modular structure, as modules are easier to assemble than the individual units of the system, and more resilient to failures. In the network representation of complex systems, modules, or communities, appear as subgraphs whose nodes have an appreciably larger probability to get connected to each other than to other nodes of the network. In this talk I will discuss three main issues in this area. I will address the limits of the most popular class of clustering algorithms, those based on the optimization of a global quality function, like modularity maximization. Testing algorithms is probably the single most important issue of network community detection, as it implicitly involves the concept of community, which is ill-defined. I will discuss the importance of using realistic benchmark graphs with built-in community structure. Finally, I will introduce an increasingly popular post-processing technique that allows to “average” the results of stochastic clustering algorithms, improving their quality: consensus clustering.
The MICDE Winter 2021 Seminar Series is open to all. University of Michigan faculty and students interested in computational and data sciences are encouraged to attend.
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