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MICDE Seminar: Steven White, Physics & Astronomy, University of California Irvine
February 14, 2017 @ 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm
340 West Hall
Bio: Steven White did his bachelor’s degree at the University of California in San Diego and received his Ph.D. from Cornell University. Early in his career he was awarded a National Science Foundation fellowship, and an IBM postdoctoral fellowship. He’s been named an American Physical Society fellow, and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and of the American Academy of Arts and Science, among others. Professor White is most known for inventing the Density Matrix Renormalization Group (DMRG), a numerical variation technique for high accuracy calculations of the low energy physics of quantum many-body systems. In 2003 he won the American Physical Society Aneesur Rahman prize, a recognition of outstanding achievement in computational physics research “…for his development, application, and dissemination of the DMRG method”. He has published over one hundred and seventy papers on this and related subjects.
Tensor Network methods for Electronic Structure
Our conventional picture of wave functions living in an exponentially large Hilbert space is both impractical for solving many particle systems and conceptually lacking: in recent years we have come to understand that physical states of matter live in an infinitesimal corner of Hilbert space, characterized primarily by low entanglement. Tensor networks are the natural language to express low entanglement wave functions, giving an exponentially compressed description of ground states. The density matrix renormalization group (DMRG) and other tensor network algorithms have had tremendous success in simulating quantum lattice models.The key challenge in translating these methods to electronic structure is the need to represent continuum space in an efficient way. After an introduction to tensor networks, I’ll present a new DMRG-based approach suitable for the electronic structure of long molecules. Our sliced-basis DMRG method produces near-exact ground states within its basis, and has a computation time which is linear in the length of the molecule. We are implementing SBDMRG for chains of hydrogen atoms, where we have been able to simulate up to 1000 atoms in a minimal basis.
Prof. White is being hosted by Prof. Emanuel Gull (Chemistry)